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Traumatic Brain Injury

Some symptoms of TBI may be apparent immediately after the event while others may manifest themselves several weeks or months later.

Common Causes

The most common causes of TBI are due to automobile accidents involving cars, buses, motorcycles and pedestrians. Sporting events may bring about cases of TBI. Falls contribute to the injuries, as well, particularly among the elderly and small children.

Complications due to TBI

A number of complications may arise soon after a TBI or some time later.

Changed Consciousness - Severe TBI may induce different states of consciousness among victims. An individual in a state of coma is unconscious and unable to respond to any stimulus. The victim may remain in this state indefinitely or may come out. Coma results from damage to several parts of the brain. See Compensation Lawyers Parramatta

An individual in a vegetative state may open his or her eyes, make sounds and respond to certain stimuli but is essentially unaware of the surroundings. A person in a locked-in syndrome is aware of the surroundings but is unable to move or speak.

Infections - Skull Fracture or wounds may damage the meninges, which are the protective tissues surrounding the brain. The tears on the tissues allow microorganisms to enter the brain and set off infections.

Nerve Damages - The injuries may damage the cranial nerves that may cause paralysis of facial muscles, double vision, loss of sense of smell, loss of vision, swallowing problems and other issues.

Degenerative Brain Diseases - TBI may lead to conditions like Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease that result from progressive degeneration of brain cells and brain functions.